UMLS. CSP-HL7-ICD9CM-NCI-NDFRT-RXNORM
%
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
D D D- D0 D1 D2 D5 D7 D8 D9 DA DB DC DD DE DF DG DH DI DJ DK DL DM DN DO DP DR DS DT DU DV DW DX DY
DI DIA DIB DIC DID DIE DIF DIG DIH DII DIK DIL DIM DIN DIO DIP DIQ DIR DIS DIT DIU DIV DIZ
selected terms: 1,374 page 1 of 14

1. (+-)-1-(2,4-Dichloro-beta-((4-chlorobenzyl)thio)phenethyl)imidazole Nitrate
[The nitrate salt form of sulconazole, a synthetic imidazole derivative with antifungal property. Sulconazole nitrate inhibits fungal cytochrome P-450 sterol C-14 alpha-demethylation, resulting in the accumulation of fungal 14 alpha-methyl sterols and inhibition of the synthesis of ergosterol, an important component of the fungal cell membrane. Inhibition of ergosterol synthesis leads to a disruption of cell membrane permeability, and ultimately inhibition of cell wall synthesis. In addition, sulconazole nitrate seems to interfere with the autolytic degradation of fungal DNA and RNA. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0144004) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=SULCONAZOLE;
=SULCONAZOLE NITRATE 1 %
51. 1,3-Dimethyl-3-phenyl-2,5-dioxopyrrolidine
[A succinimide with anticonvulsant properties. Although the exact mechanism of action of methsuximide is unclear, it is thought to increase the seizure threshold and suppress the paroxysmal three-cycle-per-second spike-and-wave pattern seen with absence (petit mal) seizures. The frequency of attacks is reduced by depression of nerve transmission in the motor cortex and elevation of the threshold of the CNS to convulsive stimuli, probably due to direct modification of membrane function in excitable cells and/or alteration of chemically mediated neurotransmission. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0109002) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=[CN400] ANTICONVULSANTS;
succinimide =METHSUXIMIDE 150 MG;
METHSUXIMIDE 300 MG;
2. (1,1-Dimethylethyl)-4-methoxyphenol
[A white, waxy solid mixture of 2- and 3-Tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole with a faint aromatic odor. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is a widely used synthetic antioxidant in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals mainly to preserve fats and oils. Butylated Hydroxyanisole is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0006506) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
52. 1,3-Dimethylxanthine Monohydrate
(UMLS (NCI) C0304443) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
3. (3,4-Dihydro-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1-naphthalenyl)(4-(2-(1-pyrrolidinyl)ethoxy)phenyl) Methanone
[A nonsteroidal selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) with potential antineoplastic activity. Trioxifene competes with estradiol in binding to estrogen receptor alpha (ER alpha), thereby inhibiting ER alpha-mediated signal transduction and gene expression. In addition, trioxifene exerts intrinsic estrogenic activity depending on the tissue. Clinical development of trioxifene has not been preceded due to its side effect profile and lack of increased efficacy over tamoxifen. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0077238) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
53. 1,3-Dinitrato-2,2-bis(nitratomethyl)propane
[The lipid soluble polyol ester of nitric acid belonging to the family of nitrovasodilators that exhibit vasodilatory property. Pentaerythritol tetranitrate releases free nitric oxide (NO) after denitration reaction, which triggers NO-dependent signaling transduction involving soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC). NO binds reversibly to the ferrous-heme center of sGC, thereby causes conformational change and activates the enzyme. Activation results in increasing cellular levels of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) within vascular smooth muscle, which results in vasodilation mediated by cGMP-dependent protein kinases. Furthermore, this agent causes arterial and venous bed dilation in a dose-dependent manner. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0030858) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=propanediol;
[CV250] ANTIANGINALS =PENTAERYTHRITOL TETRANITRATE 100 MG;
4. (Dichloromethylene)bisphosphonic Acid
[A first-generation bisphosphonate with anti-resorptive and anti-hypercalcemic activity. Clodronic acid adsorbs onto the surface of the hydroxyapatite crystals in bone matrix. Although the exact mechanism through which clodronic acid exerts its cytotoxic effect on osteoclasts has yet to be fully elucidated, this agent is metabolized intracellularly to a toxic beta-gamma-methylene analog of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), AppCCl2p. The ATP analog AppCCl2p competitively inhibits ADP/ATP translocase, thereby interfering with mitochondrial membrane potential and cellular energy metabolism. This may cause osteoclast apoptosis and, eventually, inhibiting osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012081) =Organophosphorus Compound; Pharmacologic Substance
54. 1,3-Dinitro-4-chlorobenzene
[A skin irritant that may cause dermatitis of both primary and allergic types. Contact sensitization with DNCB has been used as a measure of cellular immunity. DNCB is also used as a reagent for the detection and determination of pyridine compounds. ( MSH )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012460) =Organic Chemical; Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid ;
5. (Diethylenetriamine)pentaacetic acid
[An edetate and a chelating agent used in preparing radiopharmaceuticals. Pentetic acid (DTPA) has strong affinity for iron but also shows affinities for other heavy metals, thereby is used in the treatment of iron-storage disease and poisoning from heavy and radioactive metals. DTPA may chelate metallic moieties of unbound, extracellular radioimmunotherapeutics, thereby aggregating radioimmunotherapeutics locally to higher concentrations, and improving tumor cell radiocytotoxicity, while sparing normal tissues from the radiocytotoxic effects. In addition, DTPA is used in radioimaing procedures when complexes with radioisotopes, ex., Tc 99m or In 111. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0013254) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid =Acetic Acids;
Polyamines;
[DX201] IMAGING AGENTS (IN VIVO) RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS;
Inactive Ingredient Preparations =Gadolinium DTPA;
DIETHYLENETRIAMINE PENTAACETIC ACID 0.15 MG/ML;
PENTETIC ACID 10 MG;
55. 1,3-Diphenyl-1-triazene
[An orange crystalline solid compound that is metabolized to benzene in vivo. Diazoaminobenzene is used as a chemical intermediate, complexing agent and polymer additive and is a contaminant in several dyes used in drugs, cosmetics and foods. Diazoaminobenzene is genotoxic in bacteria and rodents. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057742) =Organic Chemical
6. *Difference
[A change in or difference between; usually represented by the 4th letter of the greek alphabet. ( NCI )] (UMLS (HL7) C1705241) Change;
Delta;
Difference =Quantitative Concept =Kind of quantity;
56. 1,4 diazine
[ ] (UMLS (CSP) C0677630) =Organic Chemical
7. *Dilution Factor (Titer)
[Concentration of a solution as determined by titration. ( NCI )] (UMLS (HL7) C0475208) =Quantitative Concept =Kind of quantity;
57. 1,4 Diethylene Ether
[A synthetic, volatile, colorless liquid that is miscible with water, most organic solvents, aromatic hydrocarbons and oils. It is used primarily as a stabilizer in chlorinated solvents. 1,4-Dioxane is also used as a solvent for numerous commercial products and as a wetting/dispersing agent in textile processing. In research, it is used in certain biological procedures such as liquid scintillation counting and the preparation of histological sections for microscopic examination. The primary routes of potential human exposure to 1,4-dioxane are inhalation, ingestion and dermal contact. Acute exposure to low levels of 1,4-dioxane vapors causes eye and nose irritation. Exposure to very high levels of these vapors can result in liver and kidney damage and death. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0044018) =Organic Chemical; Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid ;
8. 1, 5-dihydro-5-methyl-1-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-ribofuranosyl)-1,4,5, 6,8-pentaazaacenaphthylen-3-amine
[A tricyclic nucleoside with potential antineoplastic activity. As a purine analog, triciribine phosphate inhibits the enzymes amidophosphoribosyltransferase and inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, resulting in decreased purine nucleotide biosynthesis, decreased DNA and protein synthesis, and cell cycle arrest. This agent may also exhibit antiviral activity. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0077070) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
58. 1,4-Diamino-2,3-dicyano-1,4- bis(2-aminophynyltio)butadiene
(UMLS (NCI) C0755559) Bis[amino[(2-aminophenyl)thio]methylene]butanedinitrile =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
9. 1,1'-(2,3-Dimethyl-1,4-butanediyl)bis(3,4-dimethoxybenzene)
[A semi-synthetic nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) derivative and transcriptional inhibitor with potential antiviral and antitumor activity. Tetra-O-methyl nordihydroguaiaretic acid competes with the transcription factor Sp1 for specific Sp1 DNA binding domains within gene promoter regions during DNA synthesis. In viral-infected cells, blocking of the Sp1 binding site suppresses Sp1-regulated viral promoter activity and gene expression, thereby inhibiting viral transcription and replication. In tumor cells, blockage of Sp1 binding sites by this agent interferes with the transcription of the Sp1-dependant genes cyclin-dependant kinase (Cdc2) and survivin, both overexpressed in many cancers. By suppressing Sp1-regulated transcription, tetra-O-methyl nordihydroguaiaretic acid inhibits the production of cdc2 and survivin leading to a reduction of tumor cell proliferation and an induction of apoptosis. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0654036) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
59. 1,4-Dichlor-B
[A synthetic, white crystalline solid that is practically insoluble in water and soluble in ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide, benzene, alcohol and acetone. It is used primarily as a space deodorant in products such as room deodorizers, urinal and toilet bowl blocks, and as an insecticide fumigant for moth control. When 1,4-dichlorobenzene is heated to decomposition, toxic gases and vapors (such as hydrochloric acid and carbon monoxide) are released. The primary route of potential human exposure to this compound is inhalation. Acute inhalation exposure to 1,4-dichlorobenzene can result in coughing and breathing difficulties. Breathing high levels of this chemical can cause headaches, dizziness and liver damage. Contact with 1,4-dichlorobenzene can irritate the eyes, leading to burning and tearing. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0048243) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
10. 1,1'-Dichlorodimethyl Ether
[A colorless, flammable, carcinogenic liquid with an extremely suffocating odor. Bis(Chloromethyl) Ether is used in industry as an alkylating agent, a chemical intermediate, a monitoring indicator for the presence of chloromethyl ether, and as a laboratory reagent. This substance is irritating to eyes and mucous membranes and emits toxic vapors of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition. Exposure to Bis(Chloromethyl) ether is associated with higher risk of developing lung cancer, mainly small-cell type, and the risk increases with increasing duration and cumulative exposure. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0005627) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
60. 1,4-Dihydro-1-ethyl-6-fluoro-4-oxo-7-(1-piperazinyl)-3-quinolinecarboxylic Acid
[A synthetic, broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone with antibacterial activity. Norfloxacin inhibits activity of DNA gyrase, thereby blocking bacterial DNA replication. Norfloxacin concentrates in the renal tubules and bladder and is bactericidal against a wide range of aerobic gram-positive and gram-negative organisms. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0028365) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=Quinolones;
[AM900] ANTI-INFECTIVES, OTHER =NORFLOXACIN 400 MG;
NORFLOXACIN 0.3 %
11. 1,1-Dichloro-2-chloroethylene
[toxic liquid widely used as an industrial solvent, formerly used as an inhalation anesthetic. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0040905) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =[CN200] ANESTHETICS;
haloalkene
61. 1,4-Dimethyl-2,3-benzphenanthrene
[polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that is a potent carcinogen. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0000677) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
12. 1,1-Dimethylbiguanide
[A biguanide with antihyperglycemic activity. Metformin hydrochloride exerts its action by improving hepatic sensitivity to insulin, thereby suppressing hepatic glucose production and increasing hepatic glycogen stores. In addition, metformin hydrochloride increases the number and/or affinity of insulin receptors on cell surface membranes in muscle and adipose tissue, thereby increasing the sensitivity to insulin at receptor and post-receptor binding sites and increasing glucose uptake peripherally. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0025598) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =Biguanides;
antihyperglycemic;
[HS502] HYPOGLYCEMIC AGENTS, ORAL;
=1,1-Dimethylbiguanide Hydrochloride
62. 1,4:3,6-Dianhydro-D-glucitol 5-nitrate
[The mononitrate salt form of isosorbide, an organic nitrate with vasodilator activity. Isosorbide mononitrate relaxes vascular smooth muscle by formation of the free radical nitric oxide (NO), which is identical to the endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). NO activates guanylyl cyclase, thereby increasing the synthesis of cGMP within smooth muscle, resulting in dephosphorylation of light chain myosin and relaxation of peripheral arteries and veins. In addition, isosorbide mononitrate relaxes coronary arteries, thereby increasing the blood circulation through the ischemic area. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0064079) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=ISOSORBIDE;
ISOSORBIDE DINITRATE =ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE 120 MG;
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE 10 MG;
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE 20 MG;
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE 60 MG;
ISOSORBIDE MONONITRATE 30 MG
13. 1,1-Dimethylbiguanide Hydrochloride
[The hydrochloride salt form of metformin, a biguanide with antihyperglycemic activity. Metformin hydrochloride exerts its action by improving hepatic sensitivity to insulin, thereby suppressing hepatic glucose production and increasing hepatic glycogen stores. In addition, metformin hydrochloride increases the number and/or affinity of insulin receptors on cell surface membranes in muscle and adipose tissue, thereby increasing the sensitivity to insulin at receptor and post-receptor binding sites and increasing glucose uptake peripherally. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0770893) Metformin HCl;
Metformin Hydrochloride;
METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE PREPARATION;
N,N-Dimethylimidodicarbonimidic Diamide Monohydrochloride =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =1,1-Dimethylbiguanide;
=METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE 1000 MG;
METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE 500 MG;
METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE 850 MG;
METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE 250 MG
63. 1,5-Dihydro-4H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pryimidin-4-one
[drug used to treat gout and other conditions in which there is an excessive buildup of uric acid. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0002144) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
14. 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine
[A clear, colorless, flammable, hygroscopic liquid with a fishy smell that emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides when heated to decomposition, and turns yellow upon contact with air. 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine is mainly used as a high-energy fuel in jets and rockets, but is also used in chemical synthesis, in photography and to control the growth of vegetation. This substance is also found in tobacco products. Exposure to 1,1-dimethylhydrazine results in irritation of skin, eyes and mucous membranes, and can affect liver and central nervous system. 1,1-Dimethylhydrazine is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0058187) =Organic Chemical
64. 1,5-Dihydro-4H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pryimidin-4-one Monosodium Salt
[The sodium form of allopurinol, which is a structural isomer of hypoxanthine. Allopurinol inhibits xanthine oxidase, an enzyme that converts oxypurines to uric acid. By blocking the production of uric acid, this agent decreases serum and urine concentrations of uric acid, thereby providing protection against uric acid-mediated end organ damage in conditions associated with excessive production of uric acid, i.e. the massive cell lysis associated with the treatment of some malignancies. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0278766) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
15. 1,11-Dichloro-6-[2-(diethylamino)ethyl]-12,13-dihydro-12-(4-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-5H-indolo[2,3-a]pyrrolo[3,4-c]carbazole-5,7(6H)-dione
[A synthetic diethylaminoethyl analogue of the indolocarbazole glycoside antineoplastic antibiotic rebeccamycin. Becatecarin intercalates into DNA and stabilizes the DNA-topoisomerase I complex, thereby interfering with the topoisomerase I-catalyzed DNA breakage-reunion reaction and initiating DNA cleavage and apoptosis. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0936065) 5H-Indolo(2,3-a)pyrrolo(3,4-c)carbazole-5,7(6H)-dione, 1,11-dichloro-6-(2-(diethylamino)ethyl)-12,13-dihydro-12-(4-O-methyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-;
Becatecarin;
DEAE-Rebeccamycin;
Rebeccamycin analog;
Rebeccamycin Analogue;
=Organic Chemical; Antibiotic ;
65. 1,6-Dinitropyrene
[A synthetic, yellow crystalline solid that is insoluble in water and moderately soluble in toluene. It is not used for any commercial applications and is used only for research purposes. When heated to decomposition, 1,6-dinitropyrene emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. 1,6-dinitropyrene is found in particulate emissions from combustion products, of which diesel exhaust is the principle source. The primary route of potential human exposure to this chemical is inhalation. 1,6-dinitropyrene has been detected at low concentrations in ambient air. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0044050) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
16. 1,2 diazole
[5-membered aromatic ring structure with 2 adjacent nitrogen heteroatoms. ( CSP )] (UMLS (CSP) C0072662) =Organic Chemical ;
=azole;
=antipyrine
66. 1,7-Dihydro-6H-purine-6-thione
[An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called antimetabolites. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0000618) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
17. 1,2 dihydroxybenzene
[A chemical originally isolated from a type of mimosa tree. Catechol is used as an astringent, an antiseptic, and in photography, electroplating, and making other chemicals. It can also be man-made. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0054858) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
67. 1,8-Dihydroxy-9(10H)-anthracenone
[A natural anthraquinone derivative, anti-psoriatic and anti-inflammatory Anthralin (dithranol) controls skin growth by reducing DNA synthesis and mitotic activity in the hyperplastic epidermis, restoring a normal rate of cell proliferation and keratinization. Used topically in the treatment of psoriasis, dermatoses, and alopecia areata, it is also used in biomedical research due to its effect on EGFR autophosphorylation. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0003166) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
18. 1,2,3,4-Dibenzopyrene
[A yellowish-reddish, carcinogenic aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of six fused rings and produced by the incomplete combustion of organic matter. Dibenzo[a,e]pyrene is primarily found in coal gasification products, cigarette smoke and fossil fuels. This substance is used only for research purposes to induce tumorigenesis. Dibenzo[a,e]pyrene is a mutagen and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057769) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
68. 1,8-Dinitropyrene
[A synthetic, yellow crystalline solid that is insoluble in water and moderately soluble in toluene. It is not used for any commercial applications and is used only for research purposes. When heated to decomposition, 1,8-dinitropyrene emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. 1,8-dinitropyrene is found in particulate emissions from combustion products, of which diesel exhaust is the principle source. The primary route of potential human exposure to this chemical is inhalation. Detectable levels of 1,8-dinitropyrene have been found in respirable particulates from ambient atmospheric samples. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0044067) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
19. 1,2,4,5-Dibenzopyrene
[A yellowish-reddish, aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of six fused rings and produced by incomplete combustion of organic matter. Dibenzo[a,e]pyrene is primarily found in gasoline exhaust, tobacco smoke and fossil fuels. This substance is used only for research purposes. Dibenzo[a,e]pyrene is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057766) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
69. 1,9-Dihydro-2-amino-9-(4-hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)butyl)-6H-purin-6-one Monosodium Salt
[The sodium salt form of penciclovir, a synthetic acyclic guanine derivative with antiviral activity, mainly used to treat infections from herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2. In HSV infected cells, penciclovir is phosphorylated by viral thymidine kinase and subsequently converted by cellular kinases into the active metabolite, penciclovir triphosphate, which competitively inhibits viral HSV polymerase by blocking deoxyguanosine triphosphate substrate binding. As a result, herpes viral DNA synthesis and replication are selectively inhibited. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0892839) 9-(4-Hydroxy-3-(hydroxymethyl)butyl)guanine, Monosodium Salt;
PENCICLOVIR SODIUM;
=Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
20. 1,2,5,6 dianhydrogalactitol
[A bifunctional hexitol derivative with potential antineoplastic activity. Dianhydrogalactitol alkylates and cross-links DNA via an epoxide group during all phases of the cell cycle, resulting in disruption of DNA function and cell cycle arrest. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0011967) =Carbohydrate; Pharmacologic Substance ;
70. 1-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-glycero-pent-2-enofuranosyl)thymine
[nucleoside analog; used as an antiviral agent. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0164662) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=[AM800] ANTIVIRALS;
Dideoxynucleosides;
dT;
1-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-glycero-pent-2-enofuranosyl)thymine;
2'3' dideoxynucleoside;
=1-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-glycero-pent-2-enofuranosyl)thymine;
STAVUDINE (d4T) 15 MG;
STAVUDINE (d4T) 20 MG;
STAVUDINE (d4T) 30 MG;
STAVUDINE (d4T) 5 MG/5ML;
STAVUDINE (d4T) 40 MG;
1-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-glycero-pent-2-enofuranosyl)thymine
21. 1,2,5,6-Dibenzacridine
[A aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of five fused rings formed during the incomplete burning of organic matter. Benz[a,h]acridine is primarily found in petroleum refinery incinerator emissions, coal combustion emissions, cigarette smoke and coal tar pitch. This substance is used only for research purposes. Benzo[a,h]acridine is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0113624) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
71. 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)-2-aminopropane
[psychedelic phenylisopropylamine derivative, commonly called DOM, whose mood altering effects and mechanism of action may be similar to those of LSD. ( CSP )] (UMLS (CSP) C0013007) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=Amfetamine;
22. 1,2,5,6-Dibenzanthracene
[A crystalline, carcinogenic aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of five fused benzene rings, produced by the incomplete combustion of organic matter. Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene is primarily found in gasoline exhaust, tobacco smoke, coal tar, soot and certain food products, especially smoked and barbecued foods. This substance is used only for research purposes to induce tumorigenesis. Dibenzo(a,h)anthracene is a mutagen and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0043769) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
72. 1-(2-(dimethylamino)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl)cyclohexanol
[for the treatment of depression; a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor ( CSP )] (UMLS (CSP) C0078569) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=[CN600] ANTIDEPRESSANTS;
cyclohexane;
Cyclohexanols;
serotonin inhibitor;
[CN609] ANTIDEPRESSANTS, OTHER;
=Venlafaxine Hydrochloride
23. 1,2,6,7-Dibenzopyrene
[A crystalline, aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of six fused rings and formed during the incomplete combustion of organic matter. Dibenzo[a,h]pyrene is primarily found in engine exhaust, cigarette tar and coal tar pitch. Dibenzo[a,h]pyrene is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057767) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
73. 1-(3,4-Dimethoxybenzoyl)-4-(1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-oxo-6-quinolinyl)piperazine
[A cardiotonic quinolinone derivative, that suppresses cell proliferation and induces apoptosis by inducing the expression of p21, an inhibitor of cyclin dependent kinase activity in p53-mediated cell cycle arrest. (NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0148345) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
24. 1,2,7,8-Dibenzacridine
[A yellowish aromatic hydrocarbon consisting of five fused rings formed by the incomplete burning of organic matter. Dibenz[a,j]acridine is primarily found in gasoline exhaust, petroleum refinery incinerator emissions, coal combustion emissions, cigarette smoke and coal tar pitch. This substance is used only for research purposes. Dibenz[a,j]acridine is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057761) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
74. 1-(3,4-Dimethoxyphenyl)-2-propene
[A yellowish, oily, naturally occurring liquid with a clove-like aroma and is present in many essential oils. Methyleugenol is used as a flavoring agent, as a fragrance and as an anesthetic in rodents. Methyleugenol is mutagenic in animals and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on evidence of carcinogenicity in animals. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0066372) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
25. 1,2,7,8-Dibenzopyrene
[An aromatic hydrocarbon that consists of six fused rings and is produced by the incomplete combustion of organic matter. Dibenzo[a,i]pyrene is primarily found in gasoline exhaust, tobacco smoke and coal tar. Dibenzo[a,i]pyrene is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057768) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
75. 1-(4-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)phenyl)-3-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-propanedione
[A sunscreen blocker. Avobenzone is a topical, broad range UV protector and blocks UVA I, UVA II, and UVB wavelengths, thereby limiting the impact of UV rays on skin. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0097513) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance =parsol 1789;
[DE300] SUN PROTECTANTS/SCREENS, TOPICAL =SUNSCREEN-15 PABA-FREE COMBINATION GEL;
SUNSCREEN 30/AVOBENZONE/PABA-FREE LOTION;
SUNSCREEN-15/AVOBENZONE/PABA-FREE LOTION;
AVOBENZONE 3 %
26. 1,2-diammino-methy lcyclobutane-platinum (II) lactate
[An anticancer drug that belongs to the family of drugs called platinum compounds. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0165747) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
76. 1-[2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-1H-imidazole
[An antifungal synthetic derivative of imidazole and used in the treatment of candidal skin infections, Miconazole selectively affects the integrity of fungal cell membranes, high in ergosterol content and different in composition from mammalian cells membranes. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0025942) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =[AM700] ANTIFUNGALS;
imidazole =1-[2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-1H-imidazole Mononitrate;
MICONAZOLE 10 MG/ML;
Baza Antifungal 20 MG/ML Topical Cream;
27. 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
[A dark amber to dark brown colored, halogenated liquid with a pungent odor. Dibromochloropropane is a formerly known pesticide that was used as a soil fumigant and nematocide on crops, and is currently only used as an intermediate in organic synthesis and as a research chemical. Inhalation exposure to this substance results in central nervous system depression and pulmonary edema, while oral exposure causes gastrointestinal distress. Dibromochloropropane is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen based on evidence of carcinogenicity in experimental animals. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0043801) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
77. 1-[2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-1H-imidazole Mononitrate
[The nitrate salt form of miconazole, an antifungal synthetic derivative of imidazole and used in the treatment of candidal skin infections, Miconazole selectively affects the integrity of fungal cell membranes, high in ergosterol content and different in composition from mammalian cells membranes. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0086620) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=1-[2-(2,4-Dichlorophenyl)-2-[(2,4-dichlorophenyl)methoxy]ethyl]-1H-imidazole;
[DE102] ANTIFUNGAL, TOPICAL;
[GU300] ANTI-INFECTIVES, VAGINAL;
=Miconazole 200 MG Vaginal Suppository;
MICONAZOLE NITRATE MISC. POWDER (GM);
MICONAZOLE NITRATE 3 X 200 MG;
MICONAZOLE NITRATE 200 MG;
MICONAZOLE NITRATE 100 MG;
MICONAZOLE NITRATE 2 %
28. 1,2-Dibromoethane
[A clear, colorless, volatile liquid brominated hydrocarbon with a mild, sweet, chloroform-like odor that emits corrosive and toxic fumes when heated to decomposition. Ethylene dibromide is used as a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of resins, waxes, gums, dyes and pharmaceuticals and is used to produce vinyl bromide. Exposure to ethylene dibromide severely irritates the skin and causes depression and collapse. Ethylene dibromide affects DNA integrity by alkylation and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0015079) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
78. 1-[2-[4-(3,4-Dihydro-6-methoxy-2-phenyl-1-naphthalenyl)phenoxy]ethyl]pyrrolidine Hydrochloride
[The hydrochloride salt of the partial estrogen antagonist nafoxidine. Nafoxidine competes with endogenous estrogen for binding to specific estrogen receptors. This agent also inhibits angiogenesis in some tissues by blocking the effects of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF); paradoxically, it may enhance angiogenesis in uterine tissue. Nafoxidine also induces oxidative stress, protein kinase C and calcium signaling. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0205850) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
29. 1,2-Dibromopropan-3-ol
[A synthetic, colorless liquid that is soluble in water, alcohol, ether, benzene and acetone. It is used as an intermediate in the production of flame retardants, insecticides and pharmaceuticals. The primary routes of potential human exposure to 2,3-dibromo-1-propanol are inhalation and dermal contact. Currently, exposure of humans to this chemical is limited to workers who are exposed in an occupational setting. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0045359) =Organic Chemical
79. 1-[3-(Dimethylamino)propyl]-1-(4-fluorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-5-isobenzofurancarbonitrile Monohydrobromide
[The orally bioavailable hydrobromide salt of the racemic bicyclic phthalene derivative citalopram with antidepressant activity. As a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), citalopram selectively inhibits the CNS neuronal reuptake of serotonin, thereby potentiating serotonergic activity in the central nervous system (CNS). This agent has minimal effects on the CNS neuronal reuptake of norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA). ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0724555) Citalopram Hydrobromide;
CITALOPRAM HYDROBROMIDE PREPARATION =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=citalopram;
=CITALOPRAM HYDROBROMIDE 20 MG;
CITALOPRAM HYDROBROMIDE 40 MG;
CITALOPRAM HYDROBROMIDE 10 MG/5ML
30. 1,2-Dichloroethane
[A clear, colorless, oily, synthetic, flammable liquid chlorinated hydrocarbon with a pleasant chloroform-like smell that emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid when heated to decomposition. Ethylene dichloride is primarily used to produce vinyl chloride. Inhalation exposure to this substance induces respiratory distress, nausea and vomiting and affects the central nervous system, liver and kidneys. It is mutagenic in animals and is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0015081) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
80. 10,11-Dihydro-10-oxo-5H-dibenz(b,f)azepine-5-carboxamide
[A dibenzazepine carboxamide derivative with an anticonvulsant property. As a prodrug, oxcarbazepine is converted to its active metabolite, 10-monohydroxy. Although the mechanism of action has not been fully elucidated, electrophysiological studies indicate this agent blocks voltage-gated sodium channels, thereby stabilizing hyper-excited neural membranes, inhibiting repetitive neuronal firing, and decreasing the propagation of synaptic impulses. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0069751) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =[CN400] ANTICONVULSANTS;
5H-Dibenz(b,f)azepine-5-carboxamide =OXCARBAZEPINE 300 MG;
OXCARBAZEPINE 600 MG;
OXCARBAZEPINE 150 MG;
OXCARBAZEPINE 300 MG/5ML
31. 1,2-Dihydro-3-methyl-benz(j)aceanthrylene
[A polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that consists of five fused rings with carcinogenic activity. 20-Methylcholanthrene is often used in experimental cancer studies. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0000325) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
81. 10-(3-(Dimethylamino)propyl)phenothiazine Monohydrochloride
[The hydrochloride salt form of promazine, a phenothiazine derivative with antipsychotic and antiemetic properties. Promazine hydrochloride blocks postsynaptic dopamine receptors D1 and D2 in the mesolimbic and medullary chemoreceptor trigger zone (CTZ), thereby decreasing stimulation of the vomiting center in the brain and psychotic effects, such as hallucinations and delusions. In addition, this agent blocks alpha-adrenergic receptors and exhibits strong anticholinergic activity. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0546875) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =PROMAZINE;
=PROMAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE 50 MG/ML;
32. 1,2-Dihydro-4-hydroxy-N,1-dimethyl-2-oxo-3-quinolinecarboxanilide
[A quinoline-3-carboxamide with potential antineoplastic activity. Roquinimex inhibits endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and basement membrane invasion; reduces the secretion of the angiogenic factor tumor necrosis factor alpha by tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs); and inhibits angiogenesis. This agent is also an immune modulator that appears to alter cytokine profiles and enhance the activity of T cells, natural killer cells, and macrophages. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0244748) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
82. 14-Diethoxyacetoxydaunorubicin
[A semi-synthetic derivative of the anthracycline antineoplastic antibiotic daunorubicin. Detorubicin intercalates into DNA and interacts with topoisomerase II, thereby inhibiting DNA replication and repair and RNA and protein synthesis. This agent also produces toxic free-radical intermediates and interacts with cell membrane lipids causing lipid peroxidation. Detorubicin is less toxic than daunorubicin. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0057578) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
33. 1,2-Dihydroxypropane
[A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations. ( MSH )] (UMLS (NCI) C0072225) =Organic Chemical; Biomedical or Dental Material =propanediol;
PROPYLENE =PROPYLENE GLYCOL STEARATE;
PROPYLENE GLYCOL DIACETATE;
CONTACT LENS CLEANING SOLN;
COAL TAR DISTILLATE;
MASSENGILL DISPOSABLE DOUCHE;
TING PWDR,TOP;
fluticasone 0.5 MG/ML Topical Cream;
KERI LOTION;
fluticasone 0.00005 MG/MG Topical Ointment;
CAFFEINE 200 MG Oral (systemic) tablet;
Urea 0.1 MG/MG Topical Ointment;
UREA 25% LOTION;
CETAPHIL CREAM;
CETAPHIL LOTION; More…
83. 17,21-Dihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,11,20-trione
[naturally occurring glucocorticoid used in replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency and as an anti-inflammatory agent; cortisone itself is inactive and is converted in the liver to the active metabolite cortisol. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0010137) =Steroid; Pharmacologic Substance; Hormone ;
=[HS051] GLUCOCORTICOIDS;
Pregnenes =21-(Acetyloxy)-17-hydroxypregn-4-ene-3,11,20-trione;
CORTISONE 25 MG;
34. 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine
[A compound used experimentally to induce tumors in animal models of carcinogenesis. In mice and rats, 1,2-dimethylhydrazine may induce carcinogenesis through deregulation of the cell cycle. This agent primarily induces gastrointestinal and vascular tumors. 1,2-Dimethylhydrazine may be found in small amounts in the environment due to its use in industry and agriculture. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0043833) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
84. 2 Dimensional Gel Electrophoresis
[A technique in which proteins are first separated across a gel, usually polyacrylamide, according to their isoelectric point, and then separated in a perpendicular direction on the basis of their molecular weight. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0013860) =Laboratory Procedure ;
=gel electrophoresis;
35. 1,2-Dithia-5,8,11,14,17,20,23,26,29,32,35,38,41,44,47,50-hexadecaazacyclotripentacontane, Cyclic Peptide Derivative
[A recombinant version of the cardiac neurohormone, human B-type natriuretic peptide (hBNP) produced by the ventricular myocardium. Nesiritide binds to natriuretic peptide receptors on vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells, through which it triggers guanylate cyclase dependent signal transduction resulting in increase of intracellular concentrations of cGMP. This leads to smooth muscle cell relaxation causing arterial and venous dilatation. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0054015) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance; Hormone =[CV900] CARDIOVASCULAR AGENTS, OTHER;
Unclassified Ingredients =NESIRITIDE RECOMBINANT
85. 2',3'-Dideoxyadenosine
[A synthetic nucleoside analogue of deoxyadenosine and a prodrug of didanosine in which the 3' hydroxyl group on the ribose moiety is replaced by a hydrogen atom. Dideoxyadenosine competitively inhibits adenylyl cyclase, thereby reducing levels of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). By inhibiting cAMP-mediated gene activation in tumor cells, this agent may retard tumor cell proliferation. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012131) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance
36. 1,2-Dithia-5,8,11,14,17-pentaazacycloeicosane Cyclic Peptide Deriv
[potent, long-acting synthetic somatostatin octapeptide analog. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0028833) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance; Hormone =[GA400] ANTIDIARRHEAL AGENTS;
cyclic peptide;
AY 24910;
peptide hormone analog =D-Phenylalanyl-L-cysteinyl-L-phenylalanyl-D-tryptophyl-L-lysyl-L-threonyl-N-((1R,2R)-2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)propyl)-L-cysteinamide cyclic (2->7)-disulfide Acetate
86. 2',3'-Dideoxycytidine
[cytidine analog which inhibits reverse transcriptase and has potential efficacy against AIDS. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012132) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance =[AM800] ANTIVIRALS;
deoxycytidine;
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine;
Dideoxynucleosides;
2'3' dideoxynucleoside;
=2',3'-Dideoxycytidine;
2'3' dideoxy 3' thiacytidine;
ZALCITABINE (DIDEOXYCYTIDINE,ddC) 0.375 MG;
ZALCITABINE (DIDEOXYCYTIDINE,ddC) 0.75 MG;
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine;
37. 1,2-Dithioglycerol
[A metal chelating agent that is used as an antidote in arsenic, gold, lead, mercury and other heavy metal poisoning. Metals form ligands in the body with the sulfhydryl groups of the pyruvate-oxidase enzyme system. This leads to an inhibition of the normal functioning of these enzymes that are dependent on free sulfhydryl groups for their activity. Dimercaprol reverses the enzyme inhibition by chelating the metal and regenerates free sulfhydryl groups, thereby preventing and reversing the metals toxic effects. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012383) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=mercaptan;
[AD300] HEAVY METAL ANTAGONISTS =DIMERCAPROL 100 MG/ML
87. 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine
[inosine nucleoside analog; antiHIV agent. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012133) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance =[AM800] ANTIVIRALS;
Dideoxynucleosides;
inosine;
2'3' dideoxynucleoside =DIDANOSINE 100 MG;
DIDANOSINE 150 MG;
DIDANOSINE 25 MG;
DIDANOSINE 50 MG;
DIDANOSINE 125 MG;
DIDANOSINE 400 MG;
DIDANOSINE 200 MG;
DIDANOSINE 250 MG;
DIDANOSINE 10 MG/ML;
DIDANOSINE 167 MG
38. 1,2-Dithiole-3-thione
(UMLS (NCI) C0043854) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
88. 2'3' dideoxy 3' thiacytidine
[zalcitabine analog ( CSP )] (UMLS (CSP) C0209738) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=[AM800] ANTIVIRALS;
2',3'-Dideoxycytidine;
2'3' dideoxynucleoside;
=Lamivudine 10 MG/ML;
LAMIVUDINE 150 MG;
LAMIVUDINE 25 MG/5ML;
LAMIVUDINE 100 MG;
LAMIVUDINE 300 MG
39. 1,25-Dihydroxy-16-ene-23-yne-Vitamin D3
(UMLS (NCI) C0526577) =Steroid; Pharmacologic Substance
89. 2'3' dideoxynucleoside
[series of antiretroviral nucleoside analogs with potential efficacy against AIDS. ( CSP )] (UMLS (CSP) C0282384) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide =deoxyribonucleoside;
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor;
nucleoside analog;
=2',3'-Dideoxycytidine;
2',3'-Dideoxyinosine;
3'-Azido-3'-deoxythymidine;
1-(2,3-Dideoxy-beta-glycero-pent-2-enofuranosyl)thymine;
2'3' dideoxy 3' thiacytidine;
40. 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 Receptor
[use for receptors of any of the D vitamins. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0108082) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Receptor =vitamin receptor;
90. 2, 4-Dioxopyrimidine
[2,4-diketopyrimidine; one of the 5 major bases (with adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine) which are a component of nucleic acids. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0041917) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Pharmacologic Substance; Biologically Active Substance =Pyrimidine;
Pyrimidinones;
nucleobase;
=2,4-Dioxo-5-fluoropyrimidine;
thiouracil;
5-(bis-(2-Chloroethyl) Amino) Uracil
41. 1,2:15,16-Diepoxy-4,7,10, 13-tetraoxahexadecane
[Alkylating antineoplastic agent used especially in bladder neoplasms. It is toxic to hair follicles, gastro-intestinal tract, and vasculature. ( MSH )] (UMLS (NCI) C0015039) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
91. 2,2',2'',2''''-[(4,8-Dipiperidinopyrimido-[5,4-d]pyrimidine-2,6-diyl)dinitrilo]tetraethanol
[platelet inhibitor and coronary vasodilator used to prevent thromboembolism associated with mechanical heart valves, as prophylactic adjunct in the prevention of myocardial reinfarction, and as a diagnostic aid adjunct in myocardial perfusion imaging; administered orally and intravenously. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0012582) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=piperidine;
[BL700] PLATELET AGGREGATION INHIBITORS;
Pyrimidine;
coronary vasodilator =DIPYRIDAMOLE 25 MG;
DIPYRIDAMOLE 5 MG/ML;
DIPYRIDAMOLE 75 MG;
DIPYRIDAMOLE 50 MG;
DIPYRIDAMOLE 200 MG;
42. 1,3 diazine
[ ] (UMLS (CSP) C0034284) =Organic Chemical ;
92. 2,2'-Dichloro-4,4'-methylenedianiline
[A tan-colored, solid, chlorinated aromatic amine with an amine-like odor that emits toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds when heated to decomposition. 4,4-Methylenebis-2-chloroaniline is primarily used in industry as a curing agent for liquid polyurethane elastomers and is used as an experimental carcinogen in research. Exposure to this substance can cause gastrointestinal distress and severe irritation of the face and eyes. 4,4-Methylenebis-2-chloroaniline is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen and may be associated with an increased risk of developing bladder cancer. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0025750) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
43. 1,3-Diamino-4-methoxybenzene Sulphate
[A synthetic, off-white to violet solid that is soluble in water and ethanol. It is used primarily as a component of oxidizing 'permanent' hair- and fur-dye formulations. 2,4-Diaminoanisole sulfate is also used as an intermediate in the production of C.I. Basic Brown 2, a dye commonly used in numerous consumer products. The primary routes of potential human exposure to 2,4-diaminoanisole sulfate are dermal contact and inhalation. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0126603) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
93. 2,2'-Dithio-bis-ethanesulfonate, Disodium Salt
[A drug that belongs to the family of drugs called chemoprotective agents. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0114346) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance
44. 1,3-Diamino-4-methylbenzene
[A synthetic, colorless to brown crystalline solid that is soluble in water, ethanol, ether and benzene. It is used primarily as an intermediate in the production of toluene diisocyanate, which is used to produce polyurethane. Small amounts of 2,4-diaminotoluene are also used to produce dyes for textiles, leathers, furs, and wood and biological stains. When heated to decomposition, it emits toxic fumes of nitrogen oxides. The primary routes of potential human exposure to 2,4-diaminotoluene are dermal contact and inhalation. Contact with this chemical can irritate the eyes and skin. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0045479) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
94. 2,3 dimercaptosuccinic acid
[ ] (UMLS (CSP) C0205739) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance; Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid
45. 1,3-diazaspiro(4,5)decane-2,4-dione,3-(2-(bis-chloroethyl)amino)ethyl
[A bifunctional nitrogen alkylating agent with antineoplastic activity and lipophilic properties. Containing a lipophilic hydantoin group that serves as a carrier to cross the blood brain barrier, spiromustine forms covalent linkages with nucleophilic centers in DNA, causing depurination, base-pair miscoding, strand scission, and DNA-DNA cross-linking, which may result in cytotoxicity. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0075019) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
95. 2,3-Dibromo-1-propanol Phosphate(3:1)
[A synthetic, colorless or pale yellow liquid that is insoluble in water and miscible with carbon tetrachloride, chloroform and methylene chloride. TRIS-BP is no longer used in the United States. The primary routes of human exposure to TRIS-BP are inhalation, dermal contact and ingestion. Since this compound is no longer produced in the United States, the risk of exposure is low. However, TRIS-BP persists in fabric and plastics, making occupational and consumer exposure possible. Contact with this chemical can irritate the eyes and skin. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0077281) =Organophosphorus Compound; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
46. 1,3-Diaziridino-2,4,6-Triaza-1,3,5,5-Tetraaminomethyl-1,3,5-Triphosphorin
[An aziridinyl-substituted cyclophosphazene and a putrescence derivative that may cause DNA cross-linkage. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0043914) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
96. 2,3-Dihydro-1H-imidazo(1,2-b)pyrazole
[A synthetic agent, also known as IMPY, with antineoplastic properties. IMPY inhibits ribonucleotide reductase, an enzyme that converts ribonucleotides to deoxyribonucleotides during DNA synthesis; this agent specifically binds the smaller, nonheme-iron subunit of the enzyme. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0045368) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
47. 1,3-Dichloro-1-propene
[A synthetic, flammable, colorless liquid that is relatively insoluble in water and soluble in ether, acetone, toluene and benzene. It is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of 3,3-dichloro-1-propene and other pesticides. When heated to decomposition, 1,3-dichloropropene produces toxic fumes of hydrochloric acid and other chlorinated compounds. The primary routes of exposure are inhalation of vapors, dermal contact, and ingestion of contaminated foods and drinking water. Acute exposure can cause irritation of the eyes, skin and mucous membranes. Inhale a low concentration of vapors can result in irritation of the respiratory tract and central nervous system depression. Breathing higher vapor concentrations of this substance may cause coughing, breathing difficulties, substernal pain and extreme respiratory distress. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0043918) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance ;
97. 2,3-Dihydro-3-hydroxy-2-imino-6-(1-piperidinyl)-4-pyrimidinamine
[potent long acting orally effective vasodilator, acting mainly on arterioles, used as an antihypertensive; also applied topically in the treatment of male pattern baldness of the vertex. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0026196) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =antihypertensive agent;
Piperidines;
Pyrimidine;
[CV490] ANTIHYPERTENSIVES, OTHER;
DAP;
[DE900] DERMATOLOGICALS, TOPICAL OTHER =MINOXIDIL 10 MG;
MINOXIDIL 2.5 MG;
MINOXIDIL 2 %;
MINOXIDIL 5 %;
48. 1,3-Dihydroxy-5,8-bis[[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]amino]-9, 10-anthracenedione
[1,4-dihydroxy-5,8-bis((2-((2-hydroxyethyl) -amino) ethyl)amino) anthraquinone; cytotoxic compound with potentially therapeutic antitumor activity in breast cancer, lymphoma, and leukemia. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0026259) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
=anthracene;
Anthracenedione;
[AN000] ANTINEOPLASTICS;
=1,3-Dihydroxy-5,8-bis[[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]amino]-9, 10-anthracenedione Dihydrochloride
98. 2,3-Dihydroxy-2-(1-methylethyl)butanoic Acid (2,3,5,7a-tetrahydro-1-hydroxy-1H-pyrrolizin-7-yl)methyl Ester N-Oxide
[A natural pyrrolizidine alkaloid with antineoplastic properties. Indicine-N-oxide alkylates and crosslinks DNA. (NCI04) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0063465) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance ;
49. 1,3-Dihydroxy-5,8-bis[[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]amino]-9, 10-anthracenedione Dihydrochloride
[The hydrochloride salt of an anthracenedione antibiotic with antineoplastic activity. Mitoxantrone intercalates into and crosslinks DNA, thereby disrupting DNA and RNA replication. This agent also binds to topoisomerase II, resulting in DNA strand breaks and inhibition of DNA repair. Mitoxantrone is less cardiotoxic compared to doxorubicin. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0700458) =Organic Chemical; Pharmacologic Substance =Mitoxantrone;
=MITOXANTRONE HYDROCHLORIDE 2 MG/ML
99. 2,3-Dihydroxybutanedioic Acid
[A white crystalline dicarboxylic acid found in many plants, particularly tamarinds and grapes. Tartaric acid is used to generate carbon dioxide through interaction with sodium bicarbonate following oral administration. Carbon dioxide extends the stomach and provides a negative contrast medium during double contrast radiography. In high doses, this agent acts as a muscle toxin by inhibiting the production of malic acid, which could cause paralysis and maybe death. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0075821) =Organic Chemical; Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance =tartrate;
Inactive Ingredient Preparations =STANNOUS TARTRATE;
TARTARIC;
DIPYRIDAMOLE 5 MG INTRAVENOUS INJECTION;
TARTARIC ACID PWDR;
TARTARIC ACID 0.42 GM
50. 1,3-Diisocyanatomethylbenzene
[A synthetic mixture of the 2,4- and 2,6-isomers is a volatile, colorless to pale yellow liquid that is soluble in many organic solvents. These isomers are used primarily in the synthesis of polyurethane foams. When heated to decomposition, toluene diisocyanate emits toxic fumes of cyanides and nitrogen oxides. Exposure of humans to toluene diisocyanate causes tissue irritation, especially to the mucous membranes, and can produce severe respiratory problems. These isomers are reasonably anticipated to be human carcinogens. (NCI05) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0205976) =Organic Chemical; Hazardous or Poisonous Substance
100. 2,4 dinitrophenol
[toxic dye, chemically related to trinitrophenol (picric acid), used in biochemical studies of oxidative processes where it uncouples oxidative phosphorylation; also used as a metabolic stimulant. ( CSP )] (UMLS (CSP) C0045511) =Organic Chemical; Indicator, Reagent, or Diagnostic Aid ;
=dye;
Haptens;
nitrophenol;

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