UMLS. CSP-HL7-ICD9CM-NCI-NDFRT-RXNORM
%
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
G G0 G1 G2 G3 G4 GA GB GC GD GE GF GG GH GI GL GM GN GO GP GQ GR GS GT GU GV GW GX GY GZ G%
GD GDF GDN GDP GDT
selected terms: 16 page 1 of 1

1. G17DT
[An immunotoxin containing an epitope of human gastrin conjugated to diphtheria toxin, with antineoplastic activity. The gastrin epitope in this vaccine is chemically identical or similar to the endogenous gastrin-17 (G-17), a 17-amino acid peptide hormone that stimulates secretion of gastric acid by the stomach. Diphtheria toxin inhibits protein synthesis via modifying translation elongation factor 2 (EF-2). Vaccination with this immunotoxin may elicit production of antibodies against gastrinoma cells overexpressing gastrin, in addition to the toxic effects on protein synthesis exerted by the diphtheria toxin moiety. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0935889) Gastrin Immunotoxin =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Pharmacologic Substance; Immunologic Factor
9. GDF8
[This gene plays a role in cell differentiation and the regulation of transcription. It is also involved in the regulation of muscle mass. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1333667) GDF8 Gene;
Growth Differentiation Factor 8 Gene =Gene or Genome ;
2. GD
[An island between the Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Ocean, north of Trinidad and Tobago. (NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0018232) =Geographic Area ;
10. GDF9
[Growth Differentiation Factor 9, encoded by the human GDF9 gene, is a member of the TGF-beta superfamily. This protein interacts with bone morphogenetic protein-15 and Bone morphogenetic protein receptor type II is a receptor for Growth Differentiation Factor-9. Both GDF9 mRNA and protein are abundantly expressed in oocytes of primary follicles in human ovary, suggesting that the GDF9 transcript is translated at this early stage of folliculogenesis. GDF9 is crucial for normal ovarian folliculogenesis and female fertility. GDF9 regulates human folliculogenesis in a manner specific to the ovary. A dysregulation of GDF9 expression may contribute to aberrant folliculogenesis in PCOS and PCO women. (From OMIM, Swiss-Prot and NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0213144) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance
3. GDF10
[This gene plays a role in skeletal morphogenesis and is involved in the regulation of cell growth. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1333665) GDF10 Gene;
Growth Differentiation Factor 10 Gene =Gene or Genome ;
11. GDF9
[This gene plays a role in ovarian folliculogenesis and normal ovulation. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1333668) GDF9 Gene;
Growth Differentiation Factor 9 Gene =Gene or Genome ;
4. GDF15
[Expressed in activated, but not resting, macrophages and in placenta, prostate, colon, and kidney by human PLAB Gene (BMP/TGF-Beta Family), 308-aa 34-kDa (precursor) Placental TGF-Beta is processed at a dibasic cleavage site to release C-terminal domains containing a characteristic motif of 7 conserved cysteines in a disulfide-linked homodimeric secreted mature protein of 224 amino acids. PLAB regulates tissue differentiation and maintenance and reduces the growth of granulocytes and macrophages. Unlike most TGFB superfamily members, in which the amino acid sequence is completely conserved, PLAB shares only 70% amino acid identity with its rodent counterparts. (NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0668195) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance ;
12. GDNF
[Glial cell derived neurotrophic factor enhances the survival and morphological differentiation of dopaminergic neurons and increases their uptake of dopamine. GDNF can rescue motor neurons from programmed cell death and death caused by axotomy. GDNF is a possible treatment for Parkinson disease because it can protect cells from the effect of the neurotoxin MPTP. GDNF is a ligand for the RET gene product and may contribute to Hirschsprung disease when mutated and combined with a mutant RET. (LocusLink) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0207072) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance ;
5. GDF15
[This gene is involved in the regulation of tissue differentiation. It also plays a role in controlling the growth of granulocytes and macrophages. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1335222) GDF15 Gene;
Growth Differentiation Factor 15 Gene =Gene or Genome ;
13. GDNF
[This gene is involved in neurogenesis. It plays a role in promoting the differential and survival of neurons. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1333669) GDNF Gene;
Glial Cell Derived Neurotrophic Factor Gene =Gene or Genome ;
6. GDF5
[Growth Differentiation Factor 5, encoded by the human GDF5 gene, is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and the TGF-beta superfamily. This protein is predominantly expressed in long bones during human embryonic development. Mutations in this gene are associated with acromesomelic dysplasia, Hunter-Thompson type; brachydactyly, type C; and chondrodysplasia, Grebe type. These associations confirm that the gene product plays a role in skeletal development. (From LocusLink, Swiss-Prot and NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0253373) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance
14. GDNF Family Receptor Alpha 2
[GDNF Family Receptor Alpha 2, encoded by the human GFRA2 gene, is a member of the Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (GDNF) Receptor family. GDNF and neurturin (NTN) are two structurally related, potent neurotrophic factors that play key roles in the control of neuron survival and differentiation. GFRA2 is required for the development of the myenteric nerve plexus. This protein is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol(GPI)-linked cell surface receptor for both GDNF and NTN, and mediates activation of the RET tyrosine kinase receptor. This receptor acts preferentially as a receptor for NTN compared to its other family member, GDNF Family Receptor Alpha 1. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants, long and short, have been described for this gene but their full length nature is not known. The short form is found in brain and placenta. This gene is a candidate gene for RET-associated diseases. (From LocusLink, OMIM, Swiss-Prot and NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1457885) GDNF Family Receptor Alpha-2;
GDNF Receptor Beta;
GDNFRB;
GDNFR-Beta;
GFRA2;
GFRA2 Protein;
GFR-Alpha 2;
Glial Cell Line Derived Neurotrophic Factor Receptor, Beta;
Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Receptor Beta;
Neurturin Receptor Alpha;
NRTNR-ALPHA;
NTNRA;
NTNR-Alpha;
PI-Linked Cell-Surface Accessory Protein;
RET Ligand 2;
RETL2;
TGF-Beta Related Neurotrophic Factor Receptor 2;
TRN Receptor, GPI-Anchored;
TRNR2;
=Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Receptor
7. GDF5
[This gene is involved in the regulation of axial bone growth during development and plays a role in cellular differentiation. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1333666) GDF5 Gene;
Growth Differentiation Factor 5 Gene =Gene or Genome ;
15. GDNF Family Receptor Alpha 2 Gene
[This gene plays a regulatory role in neuronal survival and differentiation. ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C1333672) GFRA2;
GFRA2 Gene =Gene or Genome ;
8. GDF8
[Growth Differentiation Factor 8, encoded by the human GDF8 gene, is a member of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family and the TGF-beta superfamily. This protein plays a role in the control and maintenance of skeletal muscle mass. It acts specifically as a negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth by signaling through receptor serine/threonine kinases. This protein is synthesized as a preprotein activated by 2 proteolytic cleavages. Removal of the signal sequence is followed by cleavage at a tetrabasic processing site, resulting in a 26-kD amino-terminal propeptide and a 12.5-kD carboxy-terminal peptide, a dimer of which is the biologically active portion of the protein. (From LocusLink, OMIM and NCI) ( NCI )] (UMLS (NCI) C0538238) =Amino Acid, Peptide, or Protein; Biologically Active Substance
16. GDP
[guanosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate); guanine nucleotide containing two phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. ( CSP )] (UMLS (NCI) C0018340) =Nucleic Acid, Nucleoside, or Nucleotide; Biologically Active Substance ;
=guanine nucleotide;

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