UMLS. CSP-HL7-ICD9CM-NCI-NDFRT-RXNORM
%
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
H H+ H1 HA HB HC HD HE HF HG HH HI HK HL HM HN HO HP HQ HR HS HT HU HV HX HY HZ
HYA HYB HYC HYD HYG HYH HYK HYM HYO HYP HYS HYT

(-)-Hydromorphone

[The hydrogenated ketone of morphine, a semi-synthetic opioid with analgesic effects. Hydromorphone selectively binds the mu-opioid receptor which is linked through G-proteins. Binding stimulates the exchange of guanosine triphosphate (GTP) for guanosine diphosphate (GDP) on the G-protein complex and interacts with and inhibits adenylate cyclase located at the inner surface of the plasma membrane. This leads to a reduction in intracellular cyclic 3',5'-adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). Further, voltage-gated potassium channels are activated, thereby causing hyperpolarization and reducing neuronal excitability. In addition, the opening of voltage-gated calcium channels is inhibited, thereby leading to an inhibition of calcium entry and a reduction in the release of various neurotransmitters, including GABA, vasopressin, somatostatin, insulin and glucagons. ( NCI )]
UMLS (NCI) C0012306
 
Organic Chemical
Pharmacologic Substance
Relation/PAR: [CN101] OPIOID ANALGESICS
Morphine Derivatives
Relation/CHD: OXYMORPHONE
HYDROMORPHONE HYDROCHLORIDE
HYDROMORPHONE 2 MG

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